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Tim Harrison

Infrastructure Team Lead

Set up Fail2Ban

Fail2Ban is a security package for Linux which polls log files and blocks suspect IP addresses for X minutes based on a defined set of rules (Eg 5 incorrect SSH password attempts). The first stage is to install fail2ban

apt-get install fail2ban

This should start the service automatically but you can double check by checking the status:

root@linx:/etc/ service fail2ban status
 * Status of authentication failure monitor 
* fail2ban is running

Once fail2ban is installed and running you should setup policies based on applications installed on your server. All configuration files are stored in the


nano /etc/fail2ban/jail.conf

Scroll down and ensure that the appropriate services for your server are enabled (SSH example below)

enabled = true
port = ssh
filter = sshd
logpath = /var/log/auth.log
maxretry = 6

Fail2ban by default supports various linux services (eg postfix, apache etcetc). After changes made to this file you should restart the fail2ban service to ensure these services are being monitored

service fail2ban restart